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Assembled Western philosophers:

  Anselm of Canterbury   Thomas Aquinas   Aristotle
  Augustine   J. L. Austin   Pierre Bayle
  Simone de Beauvoir   Gustav Bergmann   George Berkeley
  René Descartes   John Dewey   Epictetus
  Epicurus   Georg W. F. Hegel   Martin Heidegger
  Thomas Hobbes   David Hume   William James
  Immanuel Kant   Søren Kierkegaard   Gottfried W. Leibniz
  John Locke   Niccolo Machiavelli   Catharine MacKinnon
  Karl Marx   John Stuart Mill   G. E. Moore
  Friedrich Nietzsche   Charles Sanders Peirce   Plato
  W. V. O. Quine   Jean-Jacques Rousseau   Bertrand Russell
  Gilbert Ryle   Jean-Paul Sartre   Socrates
  Baruch Spinoza   Ludwig Wittgenstein   Mary Wollstonecraft

Please note that links to on-line editions of the works of these philosophers, along with the additional on-line resources, will appear in a second browser window.

Everyone appears chronologically in the Philosophy Timeline, along with the following additional thinkers from the Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names:
Peter Abelard
Jane Addams
Alfred Adler
Theodor Adorno
Albert the Great
Samuel Alexander
Louis Althusser
Anaxagoras
Anaximander
Anaximenes
G.E.M. Anscombe
Susan B. Anthony
Antisthenes
Kwame Anthony Appiah
Archimedes
Hannah Arendt
Aristippus
D.M. Armstrong
Antoine Arnauld
Kenneth Arrow
John Austin
A. J. Ayer

Charles Babbage
Gaston Bachelard
Francis Bacon
Roger Bacon
Annette Baier
Kurt Baier
Mikhail Bakunin
Thomas Bayes
Jeremy Bentham
Nicolai Berdyaev
Henri Bergson
Isaiah Berlin
Brand Blanshard
Boethius
Boetius of Dacia
Niels Bohr
Bernard Bolzano
Bonaventure
George Boole
Susan Bordo
Bernard Bosanquet
Robert Boyle
F. H. Bradley
Franz Brentano
C. D. Broad
Giordano Bruno
Martin Buber
Jean Buridan
Edmund Burke
Joseph Butler

Edward Caird
Albert Camus
Georg Cantor
Rudolf Carnap
Carneades
Lewis Carroll
Ernst Cassirer
Margaret Cavendish
Pierre Charron
Roderick Chisholm
Noam Chomsky
Chrysippus
Alonzo Church
Cicero
Hélène Cixous
Samuel Clarke
W. K. Clifford
Catherine Cockburn
R.G. Collingwood
Auguste Comte
Étienne de Condillac
Anne Conway
Nicolas Copernicus
Géraud de Cordemoy
Hasdai Crescas
Benedetto Croce
Ralph Cudworth
Richard Cumberland
Nicolas of Cusa

Jean d'Alembert
Mary Daly
Charles Darwin
Donald Davidson
Dorothy Day
Richard Dedekind
Gilles Deleuze
Democritus
Augustus DeMorgan
Daniel Dennett
Jacques Derrida
Baron d'Holbach
Denis Diderot
Wilhelm Dilthey
Diogenes
W.E.B. Dubois
Pierre Duhem
Michael Dummett
Émile Durkheim
Ronald Dworkin

Meister Eckhart
Umberto Eco
Albert Einstein
Elizabeth of Bohemia
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Empedocles
Friedrich Engels
Desiderius Erasmus
Eratosthenes
John Scotus Erigena
Euclid
Leonhard Euler

al-Farabi
Herbert Feigl
Pierre de Fermat
Ludwig Feuerbach
Paul Feyerabend
Richard Feynman
Fibonacci
Johann Fichte
Marsillio Ficino
Robert Filmer
Michel Foucault
Simon Foucher
Joseph Fourier
Gottlob Frege
Sigmund Freud
Margaret Fuller

H.-G. Gadamer
Galileo Galilei
Mahatma Gandhi
Pierre Gassendi
C. F. Gauss
John Gay
Gersonides
Edmund Gettier
Arnold Geulincx
al-Ghazali
Carol Gilligan
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Joseph Glanvill
Kurt Gödel
William Godwin
Emma Goldman
Nelson Goodman
Antonio Gramsci
T.H. Green
Paul Grice
Robert Grosseteste
Hugo Grotius

Jürgen Habermas
William Hamilton
Stuart Hampshire
Donna Haraway
Sandra Harding
R.M. Hare
H.L.A. Hart
David Hartley
Nicolai Hartmann
Friedrich Hayek
Werner Heisenberg
Virginia Held
Helvetius
Carl Hempel
Heraclitus
Herbert of Cherbury
David Hilbert
Hippias
Sarah Lucia Hoagland
Douglas Hofstadter
bell hooks
Grace Hopper
Max Horkheimer
Karen Horney
Edmund Husserl
Francis Hutcheson
Hypatia

Ibn Daud
Ibn Gabirol
Ibn Rushd
Ibn Sina
Roman Ingarden
Luce Irigaray

Karl Jaspers
Thomas Jefferson
C. G. Jung
Hans Kelsen
Garth Kemerling
Johannes Kepler
John Maynard Keynes
Jaegwon Kim
al-Kindi
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Saul Kripke
Julia Kristeva
Queen Kristina
Thomas Kuhn

Jacques Lacan
Imre Lakatos
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
Julien La Mettrie
Susanne Langer
P. S. de Laplace
Michèle Le Dœuff
Keith Lehrer
V. I. Lenin
G. E. Lessing
Leucippus
C. I. Lewis
N.I. Lobachevsky
Peter Lombard
Konrad Lorenz
Rudolf Hermann Lotze
A.O. Lovejoy
Lucretius
Gyorgy Lukacs
Jan Lukasiewicz
Rosa Luxemburg
J.-F. Lyotard

Ernst Mach
J.M.E. McTaggart
Moses Maimonides
Nicolas Malebranche
Thomas Malthus
Benoit Mandelbrot
Bernard Mandeville
Mao Zedong
Gabriel Marcel
Marcus Aurelius
Herbert Marcuse
Jacques Maritain
Marsilius of Padua
Damaris Masham
George Herbert Mead
Alexius Meinong
Gregor Mendel
Moses Mendelssohn
Maurice Merleau-Ponty
Marin Mersenne
Mary Midgley
James Mill
Marvin Minsky
Michel de Montaigne
Baron de la Montesquieu
Henry More
Thomas More

Ernest Nagel
Thomas Nagel
Otto Neurath
Isaac Newton
Pierre Nicole
Nel Noddings
John Norris
Robert Nozick
Martha Nussbaum

William of Ockham
José Ortega y Gasset
Rudolf Otto

Thomas Paine
William Paley
Paracelsus
Vilfredo Pareto
Parmenides
Blaise Pascal
Giuseppe Peano
Ralph Barton Perry
Philo Judaeus
Pico della Mirandola
Max Planck
Plotinus
Jules Henri Poincare
George Polya
Karl Popper
Porphyry
H.H. Price
Richard Price
H.A. Prichard
Protagoras
P.-J. Proudhon
Samuel Pufendorf
Hilary Putnam
Pyrrho of Elis
Pythagoras

Frank Ramsey
Petrus Ramus
Ayn Rand
John Rawls
Tom Regan
Pierre Régis
Hans Reichenbach
Thomas Reid
Paul Ricouer
Bernhard Riemann
David George Ritchie
Jacques Rohault
Richard Rorty
W.D. Ross
Josiah Royce
Sara Ruddick

Gaon Saadiah
Comte de Saint-Simon
George Santayana
Ferdinand de Saussure
F.W.J. von Schelling
Friedrich Schiller
Friedrich Schleiermacher
Moritz Schlick
Arthur Schopenhauer
Erwin Schrödinger
John Duns Scotus
John Searle
Wilfrid Sellars
Seneca
Seth Pringle-Pattison
Sextus Empiricus
Shaftesbury
Henry Sidgwick
Siger of Brabant
Peter Singer
B.F. Skinner
J.J.C. Smart
Adam Smith
Madeleine de Souvré
Herbert Spencer
Madame de Staël
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
C.L. Stevenson
Dugald Stewart
P.F. Strawson
Francisco Suarez

Alfred Tarski
Harriet Taylor
Teresa of Avila
Thales
Judith Jarvis Thomson
H.D. Thoreau
Paul Tillich
Timon of Philius
John Toland
Leon Trotsky
Sojourner Truth
Alan Turing

Miguel de Unamuno

Hans Vaihinger
Lorenzo Valla
Thorsten Veblen
John Venn
Giambattista Vico
Voltaire
John von Neumann

Friedrich Waismann
J. B. Watson
Max Weber
Simone Weil
Cornel West
Richard Whately
William Whewell
Alfred North Whitehead
Edward O. Wilson
John Cook Wilson
John Wisdom
Christian Wolff

Xenocrates
Xenophanes
Xenophon

Zeno of Citium
Zeno of Elea
Ernest Zermelo


©1997-2006 Garth Kemerling.
Last modified 1 September 2006.
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