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Elementary Logic:

Logical Arguments,
Uses of Language,
Definition and Meaning
Fallacies of Relevance, Presumption, and Ambiguity,

Categorical Propositions and Immediate Inferences,
Categorical Syllogisms and Their Validity,
Syllogisms in Ordinary Language,

Logical Symbols expressing Argument Form and Statement Form,
Rules of Inference and Replacement to prove Validity or Invalidity,
Basics of Quantification Theory,

Analogical Inferences,
Causal Reasoning,
Scientific Explanation, and
Probability Theory.
      This discussion
is based on:

K. Codell Carter
A First Course in Logic
(Pearson Longman, 2003)
Order from

Copi and Cohen
Introduction to Logic
11th Ed.
(Prentice-Hall, 2001)
Order from

Richard W. Miller
Introduction to Logic
Study Guide

(Prentice Hall, 1997)
Order from

Other Recommended Reading:
  • Howard Kahane and Nancy Cavender, Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric (Wadsworth, 1997) {Order from}
  • John Shand, Arguing Well (Routledge, 2000) {Order from}
  • Douglas N. Walton, Informal Logic: A Handbook for Critical Argumentation (Cambridge, 1989) {Order from}
  • Merrie Bergmann, James Moor, and Jack Nelson The Logic Book (McGraw-Hill, 1997) {Order from}
  • Patrick Suppes, Introduction to Logic (Dover, 1999) {Order from}
  • Richard C. Jeffrey, Formal Logic: Its Scope and Limits (McGraw-Hill, 1990) {Order from}
  • Willard V. O. Quine Mathematical Logic (Harvard, 1981) {Order from}
  • Brian F. Chellas, Modal Logic: An Introduction (Cambridge, 1980) {Order from}
  • Willard V. O. Quine, The Philosophy of Logic (Harvard, 1986) {Order from}

©1997-2006 Garth Kemerling.
Last modified 4 September 2006.
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